You use your bones and joints every time you move, even when lifting a finger. Over time, however, and through normal use, abuse and the normal aging process, bones will begin to lose their strength and joints will cease to function properly. It is common and expected for older men and women to experience joint pains, but there are things you can do to eliminate them or at least reduce their severity.

At younger ages, human bones are constantly developing. By the age of 30, the chemical process that makes possible the creation of new bone material ceases, marking the beginning of the process of bone and joint degeneration. Tackling this problem early in life is desirable, but dealing with it at any age is possible.

Everyone knows that the intake of calcium is important to children, but it is actually more important to older adults. Both men and women require calcium, with the amount needed increasing for men aged 50 and above and for women aged 70 and above. Good sources of calcium include dairy products, almonds, broccoli and salmon. Those of every age also need sufficient levels of vitamin C, which comes in fresh fruits and vegetables. In some cases, it may be necessary to add dietary supplements to assure your proper intake of nutrients.

Exercise is important to both controlling weight maintaining the strength of bones and joints, and should be continued as long as is physically possible. The emphasis should be on low-impact forms of exercise, such as walking. Physical rambunctiousness, including the participation of contact sports, can have the opposite effect of healthy exercise, contributing to arthritis and the joint pains it can cause.

Smoking and drinking are bad for other parts of the body and, for the same reasons, can be detrimental to bones and joints. You should avoid tobacco products and refrain from having more than two alcoholic beverages a day. Older adults need to take steps to avoid falls and other injury-producing events, and that may come down to simply having your eyes checked regularly. Seniors may also consider having density tests to see if their bones and joints need some outside help in staying healthy.

There are a number of factors that can affect your orthopedic health, some of which you may not be able to control, including your sex and ethnic background. Through a few simple steps, however, you can make your bones and joints last longer and feel better.

Orthopedic Advice for Healthier Bones and Joints