People who are in danger of having diabetes or are already diagnosed with diabetes may have consistently high levels of sugar in the blood. If you have already been diagnosed, it is necessary that you regularly monitor your glucose levels and take necessary precautions to prevent complications.
When your blood reaches unhealthy sugar levels, the following may happen to your body:
- Malfunctioning pancreas. When your pancreas malfunctions, its ability to produce insulin deteriorates. Insulin is a hormone that aids in the conversion of glucose into energy. Without it, your blood will continue to store glucose, which can harm other parts of your body. Alternatively, your body will produce other hormones for the same function, which in excess may create toxic chemicals and lead to diabetic ketoacidosis.
- Damaged kidneys. High sugar levels can lead to changes in the blood vessels. When the blood vessels in your kidney are altered, it will not be able to properly filter waste from the blood. If your blood still carries waste to other parts of your body, your bodily processes will slowly deteriorate.
- Poor circulation. Fatty deposits in your blood vessel walls may increase with the help of high glucose levels. This will then harden your blood vessels, resulting in poor circulation. Your extremities are the ones at risk, especially your feet. When you feel pain in your legs while walking or when you feel that your feet are cold, it means the blood is being constricted in these areas. If you are losing sensation in your feet, make sure you inspect them often. Some diabetics notice too late that they have wounds in their feet and these become too infected to treat. When this happens, there is a high chance of amputation to prevent the spreading of the infection.
- Inflamed blood vessels in the eyes. Even your eyes cannot escape from the changes in the blood vessels caused by diabetes. Swelling and leaking of blood vessels can harm your vision, and may even lead to blindness if left untreated.
- Nerve damage. When your nerves are harmed, you will have reduced perception of pain, hotness and coldness. You will become more prone to sustaining injuries, which you may ignore completely because you cannot feel the pain associated with it. This can cause infection, which may spread to the rest of your body.
All these complications arise if you do not exercise, maintain a proper diet and monitor your glucose levels regularly. Once you notice any symptoms, don’t hesitate to seek medical help immediately so that you can prevent further complications from arising.